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Cyberbullying: The Dark Side of the Internet and How to Combat

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In recent years, the Internet has become a vital part of our lives. It offers us with wide opportunities to interact, learn, and grow. However, these potential bring with them the negative aspects of online interactions, such as cyberbullying. 

Cyberbully is a form of harassment that happens on digital channels such as emails, social media and online messaging applications. Cyberbullying can be extremely harmful to the victims that may lead to anxiety, sadness, and even suicide.  In this blog, we’ll look at the consequences, kinds, and preventative tactics of cyberbullying, as well as how we can address this rising problem.

What is Cyberbullying?

Cyberbullying is a form of harassment or bullying that happens online through digital channels such as social media, online messaging apps, forums, chat rooms and email. It involves using technology to intentionally harm, intimidate, or humiliate a person or people. It can take place in various forms like posting humiliating pictures or videos, spreading rumors, making degrading comments, threatening, or even impersonating someone else online

The distance and anonymity offered by the internet make it easy for the bullies to harm someone. But it also becomes difficult to identify the bullies and also for the responsible authorities to take action against them. Cyberbullying may cause some serious consequences in the victim’s life such as mental health issues, lowers self-esteem and negatively affects their social life.

The anonymity and distance provided by the internet can make cyberbullying particularly harmful, as it can be difficult for victims to identify and confront their bullies, and for authorities to take action. It can have serious consequences on victims’ mental health, self-esteem, and social life, and in some cases, it can even lead to self-harm or suicide. It is crucial to identify the signs of cyberbullying and to take appropriate measures to prevent and confront it.

Note: Over 40% of Americans have faced cyberbullying and harassment online, according to PEW data from 2021. Stress and anxiety are major contributors to mental health problems. Source: comparitech.com

Types of Cyberbullying

There are several different types of cyberbullying, each having their own particular traits and outcomes.

Cyberstalking: This is when someone stalks or harass an individuals using internet, majorly with intention of harming their mental health or causing them fear

Flaming: This happens when someone writes harsh or insulting comments or messages online with the intention of inciting an argument or fight.

Harassment: When someone sends unwanted messages to someone or trying to start unwanted communication with the intention of making them feel uncomfortable or afraid

Outing: When someone’s private or sensitive information is shared online without their consent, the objective is to shame or degrade them.

Trolling: In an online community, trolling is the act of posting contentious or irrelevant remarks with the intention of distressing other users and disrupting discussion.

Exclusion: This is when someone is purposefully removed from online conversations or activities with a purpose of alienating them and making them feel excluded.

Impersonation: When a person makes a fake account or profile in another person’s name, frequently with an aim to shame or harass them.

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Effects of Cyberbullying

Targets of cyberbullying may experience serious and prolonged consequences. The following are some of the most widespread effects:

Emotional distress: Victims of cyberbullying may experience stress, depression, and anxiety. Additionally, it might result in low self-esteem, social isolation, and a helpless feeling.

Physical symptoms: Victims of cyberbullying may experience stress, depression, and anxiety. Additionally, it might result in low self-esteem, social isolation, and a helpless feeling.

Academic Problems: Because cyberbullying makes it difficult for victims to concentrate or do well in school, it might affect their grades and academic performance.

Behavioral issues: As a way to deal with the stress and emotional agony brought on by the bullying, some victims may engage in dangerous behaviors including drug or alcohol misuse or self-harm.

Increased risk of suicide: Suicidal thoughts and behaviours among victims have been connected to an increased risk of suicide.

It’s necessary to understand that cyberbullying can have serious, long-lasting impacts. In order to heal from the trauma brought on by it, victims can require professional assistance and counselling.

How to Report Cyberbullying

It’s important to take action and report cyberbullying if you or someone you know is a victim. The following actions can be taken to report:

Save evidence: Messages, emails, and postings on social media that involve bullying behavior should be saved as proof. When you file a report about the incident, this evidence may be useful.

Block the bully to avoid further contact: If at all possible, block the person who is involved in cyberbullying behavior.

Report the behavior to the platform: The majority of social media websites and platforms provide reporting functions for cyberbullying behavior. Look for the “Report” or “Flag” option, then adhere to the guidelines.

Report the incident to the employer or school: If the cyberbullying is taking place in a workplace or educational institution, it should be brought to the attention of the relevant authority, such as a manager, principal, or human resources representative.

Law enforcement should be contacted: If the cyberbullying is severe or contains violent threats, the authorities should be notified.

To deal with the emotional effects, it is important to seek support from friends, family, or a mental health professional.

How to Prevent Cyberbullying

The following actions can be taken to stop:

Education: Provide information on acceptable online conduct and raise awareness of the negative impacts of cyberbullying.

Communication: Encourage honest and open conversation about online use and potential cyberbullying scenarios between parents, kids, and teachers.

Privacy Settings: Make sure your privacy settings are set to restrict who can view your personal information and online postings.

Positive Online Behaviour: Encourage courteous, considerate, and responsible behavior when speaking online by promoting positive online conduct.

Intervention: When cyberbullying is seen, step in and report the behavior.

Consequences: Establish clear penalties for cyberbullying behavior and make sure they are followed through with.

Empathy: Encourage empathy and awareness of the possible effects of your online behavior on others.

Support: Provide counseling services and emotional support for those who have been the targets of cyberbullying.


Cyberbullying is a serious issue that affects many individuals and can have long-lasting consequences on their mental health, self-esteem, and overall well-being. It’s important to recognize the different forms of cyberbullying and take steps to prevent and address it. This includes educating ourselves and others about the harmful effects, promoting healthy online behavior, and taking action to report and stop it when it occurs. 

By working together, we can create a safer and more supportive online environment for everyone. Remember, if you or someone you know is a victim of cyberbullying, seek support from trusted sources and professionals.

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